Sold as used with minor scratches due to a normal use.
Both for the measurement of Field Strengths and for the generation of defined Electromagnetic Fields (EMC) in the UHF range 300 MHz to 1 GHz a number of different antenna systems may be useful:
Tuneable Half-Wave Dipoles (UHA 9105),
Precision Dipoles UHAP, Log. -Periodic Antennas (UHALP 9108 A, VULP 9118 and more), Horn Antennas (BBHA 9120) and Standard Gain Antennas, and shown here, BICONICALS.
Gain Antennas reduce errors by unwanted reflections, but their disadvantage in most cases is the frequency-dependent phase center, due to a non-circular H-pattern the ray to the ground reflection point may be of reduced intensity compared to the direct ray.
Half-Wave Dipoles are often used as reference antennas. Their disadvantage with economical testing is the need for element adjustment with every frequency change (no automatic testing). In the VHF range the Biconical Broadband Antennas (BBA 9106 in holder/balun VHA 9103 or VHBA 9123) are in wide-spread use worldwide, they can be found on almost every antenna testing range or EMI/EMC Test Houses. With gain and antenna factor in the main frequency range (300-1000 MHz) they have similar gain and antenna factor figures as half-wave dipoles, but do not require any adjustment.
They possess a circular H pattern and a fixed phase center, important for short test sites.
The Biconical UHF Broadband Antenna UBA 9116 shown here offers these attractive features in the UHF range (300 MHz - 1 GHz).
With higher antenna factors (negative gain dBi) they may be used down to 160 MHz and up to 1.3 GHz.
As this antenna radiates or receives perpendicular to the dipole plane into all directions, economical testing set-ups with two or more simultaneous functions are possible.
160 - 1100 MHz Frequency Range (useable)
300 - 1000 MHz Main Frequency Range
+ 1.3 dBi ... -1.4 dBi Isotropic Gain
- 0.9 dBd ... -3.6 dBd Gain over l/2 Dipole
Return loss f > 250 MHz
typ. 10 dB » SWR 2 Ret. loss f > 250 MHz, 3 dB pad
18 - 30 dB/m Antenna Factor
520 mm Dimensions: Length holder
570 mm Length holder with cones
325 mm Width
22 mm (diam.) Antenna shaft (Tube)
0.83 kg Total weight
5 W Power (EMC TX)
N - female Coaxial Connector
For the measurement of E field-strength in the volt-per-meter region diode or FET sensors with short dipoles are frequently used. They offer wide bandwidths and reasonable flatness, but the accuracy for a defined frequency is limited. A calibration is usually performed in TEM cells.
Their vertical width should be 5 times the length of the test dipole to obtain sufficient accuracy.
In case of a Crawford triplate cell the total height would be ten times the dipole length.
Such large TEM cells suffer from a frequency limit in the vhf range. For EMC applications a calibration up to 1 GHz should be possible.
The passive biconical Test Antenna UBA 9116 has primarily been designed for field-strength measurements in the range 300 MHz to 1 GHz, but may be used with dipole-like antenna factors between 200 MHz and 1.3 GHz. Such passive antennas with identical gain data can be accurately calibrated under free-space conditions with the "Two-Antenna-Method" that does n o t require a gain standard.
The measurement uncertainty can be reduced to less than 1 dB under near-perfect freespace conditions using a method developed here with simultaneous height-variation and averaging the results.
The aim of designing E field sensors might be a very short dipole length to measure the fieldstrength on a defined "spot". In case of immunity testing of practical equipment, e.g. of 19" boxes, the surface or volume of the EuT must be tested. In case of varying field-strengths a final definition must be established.
An alternative method could be the use of an E field sensor of a comparable size compared to the EuT.
With a total length of the biconical antenna of 325 mm this condition is met for a number of applications.
One of these applications is the field-strength measurement at a separation of 3m in front of the tip of a logarithmic-periodic antenna for immunity testing such as IEC 801-3,IEC 1000-4-3, ENV 50140, VDE 0847, part 3, also EN 50147.
The calibration of the model UBA 9116 has been extended down to the low limit of the vhf band (25 MHz). The antenna factor with a minimum at 300 MHz rises again with lower frequences. As the application is with high field strengths and sensitive test receivers are available for EMI testing, low f.s.
levels down to 1 mV/m at 25 MHz can be measured.
In these applications a perfect shielding should be provided for coaxial cables and the test receiver because any signal interception would add to the (relatively low) voltage from the test antenna.
As the VSWR of the antenna will be high at such low frequencies (far off resonance), the test receiver input impedance should be 50 W resistive. This situation may be improved with vhf fixed attenuators of 6 dB or 10 dB between antenna output and coaxial cable.